Бидний дуу хоолой: НЭЗХ-ны гишүүд нь нийгмийн бүх давхаргын төлөөлөл төдийгүй ялангуяа ядуу, ажилчид, бичил бизнес эрхлэгчдийг төлөөлж ажиллана. Бид хамтдаа өөрчлөлтийн төлөөх сэдлийг доороос дээш чиглэлтэйгээр бий болгоно.
Бидний зорилго: Ногоон эдийн засаг бид бүгдэд өргөн боломжийг авчирна гэдэгт итгэдэг. Гэвч энэхүү боломжийг эх дэлхийнхээ нөөц баялгийн хүрээнд ялангуяа ядуу хүмүүст хүртээхийн төлөө бид хичээж ажиллах болно. Энэхүү эдийн засгийн шилжилт нь ногоон төдийгүй шударга байх ёстой.
Бидний загвар: Эдийн засгийн шинэчлэлийг ганц байгууллага хийх боломжгүй учир нийгмийн олон талын дэмжлэг чухал үүрэгтэй. Тиймээс ч бид олон салбарын байгууллагуудыг эгнээндээ нэгтгэж нэгдсэн байр суурь, хамтын үйл ажиллагааг цогцлоон босгохыг зорьж байна.
ЭЗБӨЧСТ нь салбартаа манлайлагч хувийн хэвшлийн байгууллагуудын санаачилгаар 2010 онд байгуулагдсан улс төрөөс хараат бус, ашгийн төлөө бус байгууллага юм. Бид Дэлхийн өрсөлдөх чадварын тайлан, Монгол Улсын аймгуудын өрсөлдөх чадварын тайлан, Улаанбаатар хотын дүүргүүдийн өрсөлдөх чадварын тайлан болон олон улсын байгууллагуудтай хамтарч бусад судалгаа, төслүүд дээр ажилладаг. 2016 онд ЭЗБӨЧСТ нь НЭЗХ-ны гишүүн бөгөөд Монгол дахь түнш байгууллага болсон.
Дэлгэрэнгүй мэдээллийг https://ecrc.mn/
Decades of economic dependence on dirty industry and mining has left Mongolia an unequal and polluted society. A third of the population remains below the poverty line, and the citizens of Ulaanbaatar breathe air that is five times dirtier than Beijing’s.
Happily, the country is also a textbook example of the promises and opportunities of the green transition. The country’s rolling steppes and deserts are perfect for wind and solar, with a vast estimated potential of 2.6TW – as much as the entire energy demand of the United States. Recognising this, Mongolia was the first country to sign up to the UN’s Partnership for Action on the Green Economy (PAGE), and investments in the clean economy are already creating new green jobs and sustainable growth.
Our partners the Economic Policy & Competitiveness Research Centre (EPCRC) are helping lead the way. Running the GEC’s Mongolian dialogue hub, they’re bringing together networks of civil society, business and government to:
- Help local entrepreneurs access finance to develop innovative green projects
- Develop future economic scenarios and policy roadmaps to inform decision making
- Demonstrate the value of green investment through workshops, policy briefings and research papers
India is booming. It is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. Yet the current growth path is neither creating enough jobs nor helping the poorest. By 2020 India will face a shortage of 16.7 million ‘missing jobs’. Poverty is persistent with over 58% of the population lacking means to meet their basic needs.
At the same time, India’s ecological footprint is already double its bio-capacity. If it continues on the current path, consumption in India will exceed most developed economies combined in just 14 years.
Testing alternative pathways
Development Alternatives is bringing together diverse voices to explore what economic models can help the poorest live better lives within nature's limits. Gathering small and informal businesses, researchers, government and civil society, the India hub is:
- Testing greener business models that are locally rooted but can go to scale
- Connecting small and informal businesses to identify practical solutions and policies for greening their enterprise practices
- Hosting nation wide dialogues and workshops what economic reform looks like for different stakeholders
- Tracking the transition to green and fair economies at both the state and national level.
Join these debates on Development Alternatives' hub space.
Blessed with fertile soil, regular rainfall, and strong year-round sunlight, Uganda has the potential to become a green economic powerhouse, powered by organic agriculture and clean energy. Two thirds of Ugandans work in agriculture, and the country has already made real progress in transforming conventional agricultural production into a world-leading organic farming system – creating jobs, delivering export income, and protecting the environment in the process.
And that’s just the start. Research has found that green economic policies could boost GDP by as much as 10%, delivering an extra US$3.4 billion in growth by 2020, all while creating 4 million new jobs and reducing carbon emissions by almost a third.
But there is still much to be done. Despite impressive economic growth in recent years, Uganda remains one of the 20 poorest countries in the world, and has struggled to tackle issues of sanitation, energy access, and malnutrition.
Building a green Ugandan future
Driving the green transition is our partner in Uganda, the Advocates Coalition for Development and Environment (ACODE). An independent public policy, research, and advocacy think tank, ACODE is the hub for the GEC’s work in the region, helping to
- Build an engaged network of citizens, charities, and organisations working on the green transition across Uganda and the East African region
- Research new tools for policy makers to support inclusive, sustainable green development
- Engage politicians and the private sector on the opportunities and options for green growth
South Africa is showing all the signs of taking on the green growth challenge. Back in 2010 the Department of Environmental Affairs convened a Green Economy Strategy Summit to gather insights on key focus areas for a green economy. In 2011, following a social dialogue with labour groups, civil society and business, the Ministry of Economics developed a government wide Green Economy Accord, an ambitious set of commitments for greening the economy.
The South African government is working with UN-PAGE to develop its national approach to green growth. The national development bank and Ministry for the Environment has also set up a country based Green Growth Fund to support the transition.
But how are all of these initiatives hitting the ground? To what extent is green growth investment reaching the poorest? What does it mean for small and informal businesses?
When it comes to the green economy, Senegal is a land of remarkable opportunity. Recent research has found that green investment could create 30,000 new jobs and lift half a million people out of poverty by 2035. That’s not all: embracing sustainable and inclusive development would also halt the degradation of Senegal’s rich natural resources, while shrinking carbon emissions by a tenth. The country is already a Sub-Saharan leader on renewables, targeting a 20% share for clean energy by 2018, and is building solar projects second only to South Africa’s in scale.
A partnership for positivity
But to make this green future a reality, Senegal must first overcome some real challenges in the present. Entrenched poverty, inequality, and environmental deterioration are common to many Sub-Saharan nations, and sadly Senegal is no exception.
Luckily, green development policies have great potential for overcoming these roadblocks, and our partners in the region are helping translate Senegal’s green opportunities into concrete action. Our in-country hub is run by IED Afrique and IUCN Senegal, two organisations with extensive experience of building community resilience and social accountability. Together we’re driving the green transition by:
- Mapping how green technologies and practices are already spreading in Senegal, and exploring how to accelerate their uptake
- Working together with government and business to understand existing green policy strengths and weaknesses, and identify opportunities for improvement
- Learning what works – and sharing those lessons with those at the frontiers of the green transition
Stretching from the bustling streets of Havana to the coral reefs of Trinidad and Tobago, the Caribbean region comprises 30 nations and is one of the most biologically diverse areas of the world.
But poverty is rife. Despite pockets of wealth, most people are struggling to make a living as natural disasters and financial shocks become more severe.
The Caribbean has huge potential for greener and fairer economies: a thriving small business sector, ample natural resources and a strong entrepreneurial tradition. As long as the transition is rooted in and owned by local communities it could power more resilient and flourishing economies.
Action and Learning
The Caribbean Natural Resources Institute (CANARI) is leading an ongoing dialogue process in the Caribbean region on the opportunities for a greener and fairer economic model – one that emerges from the existing local economies and innovation. Working with local partners across the region, CANARI is
- Convening key representatives from business, civil society and policy to identify the opportunities, challenges and solutions for taking a new economic approach to scale as part of their Action Learning Group discussions.
- Exploring the opportunities for small businesses in the region
- Developing an online space to continue on the dialogue
Peru is a nation of green riches - from the frozen Andean peaks and the deep Amazon, to the diverse coastal waters, the country is home to a huge wealth of species and ecosystems. But despite their natural wealth, most rural communities in Peru are facing acute poverty. And more recently, economic growth has come at the expense of the country's natural reserves - their forests, soils and water sources - which is hitting the poorest the hardest.
A different growth model
The new growth model is possible.
- Convening small and micro business, civil society groups, and policy makers
- Identifying pro-poor green growth policies and strategies
- Developing a movement for alternative economics