Mongolia is a landlocked country located between Russia to the north and China to the south, within the interior of Eastern Asia far from any ocean. Its breath-taking scenery consists of six zones from lower latitudes and elevation to higher latitudes and elevation including
- Desert (largely un-vegetated)
- Desert Steppe (short grass prairie with sparse shrubs and scattered small trees)
- Steppe (tall grass prairie with a significant forb component)
- Forest Steppe (mixed forests on northerly slopes and grasslands on southerly slopes)
- Boreal Forest (coniferous forests with a variable broad-leafed component)
- Montane (mixed sub-alpine coniferous forests, krummholz, alpine meadows and tundra)
A mountain forest-steppe zone which covers the north and west exhibits the richest diversity of plant and animal life. There are beautiful mixtures of trees grow thicker such as spruces, pines and firs. Steppe vegetation is covered with feather grass and couch grass carpeted with brightly colored wildflowers.
It is elevated from sea level about 1,580m and the highest peaks are Altai Mountains in the southwest, a branch of the Altai Mountains system.
The Mongolian climate consists of four seasons with long cold winters, short dry summers and low precipitation. The average temperature is in winter -10°…-30°С (14°…22°F), in summer 10°…27°С (50°…80°F) and in general 0.2°С (32°F). Considering the cold weather, the capital city of Mongolia is considered to be the coldest city in the world. Despite the extreme continental weather, Mongolia is known as “the land of the blue sky” which comes from the fact that it has an average of 230-260 sunny days a year.
Mongolia is one of the last nomadic countries in the world. Some three-fourths of Mongolia’s area consists of pasturelands, which support the immense herds of grazing livestock.